Thyroid storm is a life-threatening health condition usually caused by untreated hypertensive disease. When a person experiences a thyroid storm, a person’s heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature can rise to a very dangerous level.
Without fast and aggressive treatment, a thyroid storm can often be fatal.
The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the middle of your lower neck. The two essential thyroid hormones produced by the thyroid are triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4).
Thyroid hormones work to control the level at which every cell in your body works (your metabolism).
If you have hypertension, your thyroid produces too much of these two hormones. So it causes all your cells to work too fast. For example, your breathing rate and heart rate will be higher than normal. You can even talk much faster than usual.
What is the cause of the thyroid storm?
Thyroid storms in general are rare. This condition develops in people who have hypertension but do not receive proper treatment. This condition is characterized by the production of two hormones that are excessively produced by the thyroid gland. Not all patients with hypertension will experience a thyroid storm. Causes of this condition include:
severe hypertrophy in the treatment phase
the thyroid gland is overactive and untreated
infections related to hypertension
People with hypertension may experience a thyroid storm after experiencing one of the following conditions:
severe emotional stress
congestive heart failure
Symptoms of thyroid storm
Symptoms of a thyroid storm are similar to hypertrophy, but more sudden, severe, and extreme. This is why people with a thyroid storm may not be able to seek their own medical help. Common symptoms include:
accelerated heart rate (tachycardia) above 140 beats per minute, and atrial fibrillation
How can I prevent a thyroid storm?
The most effective way to prevent a thyroid storm is to take appropriate care if you are suffering from a hypertensive condition. Consumption of medicine according to the doctor’s instructions.
You also need to exercise regular control over your condition to monitor the progression of the disease and the effectiveness of the treatment you have received.
How to handle the right thyroid storm?
Someone with hypertension who has symptoms of a thyroid storm will usually be treated at the Emergency Room. If you suspect you or someone else has symptoms of a thyroid storm, take them to the nearest hospital ER immediately.
People with thyroid storm generally show an increase in heart rate, as well as very high blood pressure (systolic blood pressure).
A doctor will measure your thyroid hormone levels through a blood test. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels tend to be low in hypertension and thyroid storms.
According to the American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC), the normal value for TSH ranges from 0.4 to 4 million international units per liter (mIU / L). T3 and T4 hormones are higher than normal in people with a thyroid storm.
Thyroid storm treatment
Thyroid storms develop suddenly and affect all of your body systems. The treatment will begin as soon as the doctor suspects that you have symptoms of a typical thyroid storm before lab results come out.
Antithmetic drugs such as propiltiourasil (also called PTU) or methimazole (Tapazole) will be given to reduce the production of hormones produced by the thyroid.
Hypertension requires ongoing treatment. Patients with hypertension can be treated with radioactive iodine, thyroid, or drugs to suppress the function of the thyroid temporarily.
Pregnant women suffering from hyperthyroidism cannot be treated with radioactive iodine as it can harm the unborn baby. In that case, the female thyroid will be surgically removed.
People suffering from a thyroid storm should avoid consuming iodine as it can worsen the condition. If your thyroid is destroyed by radioactive iodine treatment or lifted by surgery, you will need to take synthetic thyroid hormones for the rest of your life.